The amaranth plant is tall (about 2 metres / 5 to 7 feet) and busy, with very broad leaves and showy flower heads of small, clover-like flowers . Carotenoid varied from 90 to 200 mg kg −1 in vegetable types and from 60 to 200 mg kg −1 … Amaranth leaves are rich in soluble and insoluble fibre that has many benefits. Good Source of Protein. The crude fiber (CF) content of late harvested leaves (17.74 g/100 g) was higher (p < 0.05) than early harvested leaves (17.14 g/100 g). Helps with digestion and overall health in the human body. In the markets, buy fresh leaves packed in bunches featuring deep-green/variegated color, ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. In the mainland China where the greens are called by name yin-tsai (A. tricolor or Chinese spinach), it is employed in stir-fries and soups. Not only are amaranth grains packed with protein, the protein they … However, Cheeke et al. Additionally, when looking at protein quality the plant excels further. Aztec ritual. 5. The seeds are eaten as a cereal by the ancient Mayans and Incas in a similar way like quinoa and chia seeds.. Botanically, amaranth is a dicotyledonous plant wherein its leaves as well as grains used as a staple … vitality, and crispiness. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. A 100-gram (3 ⁄2-ounce) reference serving of uncooked amaranth grain provides 1,550 kilojoules (371 kilocalories) of food energy, and is a rich source (20% or more of the Daily Value, DV) of protein, dietary fiber, pantothenic acid, vitamin B6, folate, and several dietary minerals (table). Individuals with known oxalate urinary tract stones are advised to avoid eating certain vegetables belonging to Amaranthaceae and Brassica The reasons are many: Amaranth grain is packed with amino acids, giving it a uniquely whole protein content. To prepare, separate the leaves and thick stems, reserving the stems to cook separately which may take longer to cook. Several cultivars of amaranth grown meant either for vegetable leaves or grain. Many gardeners grow it for its looks. Download spreadsheet (CSV) Badges: low fat. Upto 80% of fishmeal was replaced by ALPC without negative effect on fish performance. In a way similar to other kinds of greens like spinach, kale, etc., amaranth in the diet helps prevent osteoporosis (weakness of bones), iron-deficiency anemia. The substitution effects were compared in terms of fish growth performance, nutrient utilization, whole body composition and apparent nutrient digestibility. Amaranth leaves contain only traces of fats and no cholesterol. For instance it was reported that diets containing 20% plays a vital role in strengthening the bone mass by promoting osteoblastic activity in the bone cells. Fresh 100 g of leaf amaranth contains 29% DRI of iron. Thanks to the ongoing reaserch studies in the area of pseudocereals, amaranthus has rediscovered itself as a promising food crop fo its high nutritional value of seeds (grains) and leaves. Vitamin-C is a powerful water-soluble antioxidant which plays a vital role in wound healing and help fight against viral infections. Lutein is an antioxidant that is responsible for eye tissue is related with better … Because of its high vitamin-K content, patients taking anti-coagulants such as "warfarin" are encouraged to avoid amaranth in their food since it interferes with Grain Amaranths includes A. hypochondriacus, A. caudatus, A. cruentus, etc. Fresh leaves can be either chopped or used as they are in a variety of recipes. Experimental diets were formulated, where 100%, 75%, 50%, 40%, 20% and 0% FM protein was substituted by protein from ALPC. This grain is rich in various minerals and vitamins such as thiamine, riboflavin, vitamin B6, panthothenic acid, calcium, folate, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, manganese, zinc and … Summary Amaranth is a good source of fiber, protein, manganese, magnesium, phosphorus and iron, along with several other important micronutrients. Fresh, tender leaves and shoots can be eaten raw either in salads or juiced. Scientific name: A. dubius. For black nightshade and jute mallow leaves protein content in raw leaves was higher than for those boiled for 60 min. We substituted fish meal with Amaranthus hybridus leaf protein (ALPC) concentrate in O. niloticus. Amaranth-Purdue University Education. According to Ayurveda, the juice extracted from amaranth leaves help in treating diarrhoea and haemorrhage conditions. USDA National Nutrient Database. High in Fiber. Amaranth grain nutrition facts. A proper history of amaranth would fill an entire book (or several). Characterization of the nutritional quality of amaranth leaf protein concentrates and suitability of fish meal replacement in Nile tilapia feeds, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aqrep.2017.01.003. Amaranth leaves, raw contains 0.1 g of saturated fat and 0 mg of cholesterol per serving. content (0, 15, 30, 45 and 60%) of dehydrated leaves and stalks of Amaranthus hypochondriacus,with 17.8% crude protein and 12.4% crude fibre contents to replace equal amounts of lucerne leaf meal with 22.0% crude protein and 23.3% crude fibre contents. Amaranth greens perhaps have the highest concentrations of vitamin-K of all the edible green-leafy vegetables. Fresh amaranth leaves are one of the richest sources of vitamin-C. 100 g of fresh leaves carry 43.3 mg or 70% of recommended daily intake of this vitamin. 2. 100 g of fresh greens provides 1140 μg or 950% of daily vitamin-K requirements. Fresh amaranth leaves are one of the richest sources of vitamin-C. 100 g of fresh leaves carry 43.3 mg or 70% of recommended daily intake of this vitamin. This is due to the levels of zinc in the leaves. family. Amaratnh leaves are storehouse for many phytonutrients, antioxidants, minerals and vitamins which contribute immensely to health and wellness. Grain Amaranths are characterized by apical large inflorescence comprising aggregates of cymes and white or cream colored seeds. The foliage of 61 accessionso f amaranthus comparising both the grain and vegetable types referable to 10 species were evaluated for carotenoid, protein, nitrate, odxalate and moisture contents (fresh weight). Amaranth grain is the tiny seeds of Amaranthus family plants used as an alternative food source to regular cereal grains such as rice and wheat. The Apparent nutrient digestibility was high for protein, lipid and energy and differed significantly among the dietary treatments (P < 0.05). Lysine is the principal component which limits amino acid in cereals like maize, wheat, and … One serving contains 0.3 g of fat, 2.5 g of protein and 4 g of carbohydrate. (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}); Amaranth grows all around the world in the tropical and subtropical environments. (Link opens in new window). Amaranth leaves contain 17.4-38.3 % dry matter as crude protein (Table 6), averaging 5% lysine and thus having potential as a protein supplement (Oliveira and de Carvalho, 1975). In addition, vitamin-A is essential for maintaining healthy mucosa and skin, and is essential factor for ocular (eye) health. Amaranths like fertile, free-drained alkaline soils. Botanically, amaranth species meant for its leaves are different from those grown for the purpose of grains (pseudocereals). It is packed with carbohydrates, proteins, minerals and vitamins, and regular consumption helps in easing digestion, excessive menstruation and weight management. Home | About us | Contact | Blog | Sitemap | Privacy policy | Disclaimer. Negi, P. S. and Roy, S. K. Changes in beta-carotene and ascorbic acid content of fresh amaranth and fenugreek leaves during storage by low cost technique. Lipid digestibility was comparable for all the diets except fish fed 0% FM. Amaranth greens are nutritious, edible leafy vegetables of Central American origin. Diets were comprised of locally-sourced ingredients including wheat bran, brewery waste, perch oil, cassava and mineral and vitamin premix. Moreover, some varieties of amaranth leaves are digestible and tasty when cooked, unlike the greenery of many other grains. Vitamin-C is a powerful water-soluble antioxidant which plays a vital role in wound healing and help fight against viral infections. Amaranth has several vital antioxidant vitamins like vitamin-A (2917 IU or over 97% of daily recommended levels per 100 g) and flavonoid polyphenolic antioxidants such as lutein, zeaxanthin, and β-carotene. Source of High-Quality Protein. Eating … Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. The amaranth grain contains more protein than other crops as corn and rice [ 13] and a relatively high content of several essential amino acids as shown in Table 3. In America, Asia, and Africa, the leaves of amaranth species are used as vegetables. Vegetable amaranths distinguished by features like short spike inflorescence, glossy, brownish-black seed, and indeterminate growth habit. In fact, … Amaranth is a very rich source of protein and essential amino acids. Copper is also required for the production of red blood cells. drug metabolism. Oxalic content of selected vegetables. Wash leaves in cold water before using in cooking. Uncooked amaranth is particularly rich in manganese (159% DV), phosphorus (80% DV), magnesium (70% DV), iron(5… Unlike most other vegetable sources of protein, amaranth contains the essential amino acid lysine. Furthermore, amaranth leaves have high protein content and balanced amino acid composition [9]. Botanically, amaranth belongs to the family of Amaranthaceae, in the genus; Amaranthus. Extended cooking may result in loss of nutrients, particularly antioxidants and vitamins. Amaranth is gluten-free, so people with sensitivities or intolerances to gluten are … <<-Back to Vegetables from Amaranth greens. Together, these compounds help act as protective scavengers against oxygen-derived free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS), and thereby play a healing role in aging and various disease processes. Results showed that pasta made with dried amaranth leaves had similar chemical composition (protein content: 14.18 g/100 g, Fe content: 9.1 mg/100 g), cooking quality (2.15 pasta weight increase, 4.47% residue loss), textural characteristics (firmness and adhesiveness), and sensory acceptance than green pasta made with dried spinach leaves. We demonstrate that it is possible to replace up to 80% of fish meal with ALPC without compromising the performance O. niloticus. Visit here for an impressive list of vegetables with complete illustrations of their nutrition facts and Several studies have proven health benefits derived from human beings consuming the amaranth … You can also use the leaves of amaranth as a leafy vegetable; the taste is similar to spinach and they can be used in the same way as many of the leafy vegetables, especially in mixed-green salads. The leaves and stems carry a good amount of soluble and insoluble dietary fibers. It’s remarkably flexible - the tiny seeds can be cooked, roasted, popped, flaked, or ground into flour. In the tropics, amaranth greens available round the year. The six dietary treatments were tested in triplicate in static flow-through tanks. However, early harvested leaves (15.40, 7.14, 1.95 and 14.50 g/100 g, respectively) had higher (p < 0.05) NDF, ADF, acid detergent lignin (ADL), and GE than late harvested Updated-Apr 05, 2019, © copyright 2009-2021 @ Umesh Rudrappa. Amaranth greens also contains ample amounts of B-complex vitamins such as folates, vitamin-B6 (pyridoxine), riboflavin, thiamin (vitamin B-1), and niacin. Add to meal. Protein digestibility in fish was highest in feed formulated with 100%, 75%, 50% and 40% FM, which were significantly (P < 0.05) higher than at 25% and 0% FM. Carbohydrate content increased through the boiling process for amaranth and black nightshade leaves after 30 and 60 min. Uncooked amaranth grain is 12% water, 65% carbohydrates (including 7% dietary fiber), 14% protein, and 7% fat (table). However, a notable … Once at home, wash amaranth vigorously in a bowl of cold water, swish thoroughly several times to rid off sand/dirt. Leafy-vegetable amaranths grow well at day temperatures above 25 ℃ and night temperatures not lower than 15 ℃. They reported that amaranth In the trial diets 100%, 75%, 50%, 40%, 20% or 0% of the fishmeal protein was replaced with the amaranth leaf protein concentrates (ALPC), they said. Protein from amaranth may be cheaper alternative to fishmeal in fish diet. After 160 days of feeding, the growth, nutrient utilization and Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) in fish fed diets containing 100%, 75%, 50%, 40% and 20% FM were better (P < 0.05) than those fed diet with 0% FM. Amaranth Contains Protein: Amaranth’s protein content is about 13 percent, or 26 grams per cup, which is much higher than for most other grains. Amaranth leaves, raw contains 23 calories per 100 g serving. made with taro, ham hocks, peppers, celery, okra, coconut milk, and crabmeat. The human body uses manganese and copper as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase. Vitamin A and C are also present in significant levels. Additionally, it has higher levels of other minerals than spinach such as calcium, manganese, magnesium, copper and zinc. As well, its seeds are a great source of dietary fibre. Amaranth has an extremely high amount of vitamin A. Vitamin A is important for vision, healthy immune system and cell health. In the Indian subcontinent, the greens are called as chaulai found wide usage in curries, stews, and mixed vegetable dishes. Because it’s gluten-free, those who have celiacs disease may use amaranth leaves as a great source of protein. If consumption is the goal, choose annual amaranth varieties marketed as edibles. Presently, its growth is mainly concentrated in tropical climates of Latin Americas, Asia and Africa. In Greece, the amaranth greens are popular as vleeta, boiled with other well-known green-leafy like dandelion, mustard green, chicory greens The flowers turn into seed heads resembling very bushy corn tassels. The grains used as pseudocereals like quinoa in Europe and USA, whereas leaf-varieties are cultivated mostly as leafy-vegetables in India, China and Africa. Amaranth wilt early and only stay fresh for 2-3 days in the refrigerator. These results demonstrate that although it is possible to replace large part of fish meal with ALPC, it is not possible to eliminate it in Nile tilapia diet as alternative protein ingredient. This study evaluated the nutritional characteristics and suitability of replacing FM with the amaranth (Amaranthus hybridus) leaf protein concentrates (ALPC) as a protein ingredient in the diet of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Previous research has demonstrated that amaranth grain has hypocholesterolemic effects. There was no difference between protein content of raw and amaranth leaves boiled for 60 min. Add to comparison. (1981) argued that the presence of saponins, alkaloids, phenolics, and oxalates might have a negative effect on leaf protein concentrate quality. Additionally, it also has an established role in patients with Alzheimer's disease by limiting neuronal damage in the brain. Potassium is an important component of the cell and body fluids that helps regulate heart rate and blood pressure. Vitamin-K (Link opens in new window). Phytates and dietary fiber present in the leaves may interfere with the bioavailability of calcium, iron, and magnesium. Its greens carry just 23 calories/100g. USAID.GOV -Pdf-(Link opens in new window). In 98 grams of Amaranth, 9.35 grams of protein is found along with 45.98 grams of Carbohydrate and 5.2 grams of fiber. Protein 2.5g: 5 %: Vitamin D 0.00mcg: 0 %: Calcium 215.00mg: 17 %: Iron 2.32mg: 13 %: Potassium 611mg: 13 % * The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a serving of food contribute to a daily diet. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. For the same reason, leafy greens including amaranth often recommended by dieticians in the cholesterol controlling and weight reduction programs. In the Caribbean, amaranth greens are known as callaloo and are one of the chief items in the popular "callaloo-soup" In terms on nutritional content, amaranth (both seeds and leaves) are packed with thiamine, niacin, calcium, potassium, iron, manganese, zinc, and copper, and its leaves are a good source of vitamins A and C and folate. Amaranth greens, like spinach, carry higher contents of oxalic acid (1.09 g/100g), a naturally-occurring substance found in some vegetables, which may crystallize as oxalate stones in the urinary tract in some people. (Medical disclaimer). co-factor for many enzymes that regulate growth and development, digestion and nucleic acid synthesis. The Amaranth leaves, after eating should provide high protein per calo- rie consumed, high dietary fibre, high iron, low fats and very high vitamin C, Vitamin A, Folic acid and calcium. Digestible carbohydrates and dry matter were similar for all dietary treatments (P < 0.05). There was no difference between carbohydrate content TABLE … Adequate intake of water is therefore advised to maintain normal urine output. Consumption of natural vegetables and fruits rich in vitamin-A and flavonoids are also known to help the body protect from lung and oral cavity cancers. Zinc is a This study basically was designed to assess the reten- tion of nutritional contents of Amaranth leaves using various preparatory methods before cooking. Amaranth leaves Raw 1 cup 6.4 calories 1.1 grams carbs 0.1 grams fat 0.7 grams protein 0 grams fiber 0 mg cholesterol 0.0 grams saturated fat 5.6 mg sodium 0 grams sugar 0 grams trans fat grams cup leaf … etc., dress with extra virgin olive oil and a squeeze of lemon juice and serve as the dish vrasta chorta. A number of leafy vegetables, their protein concentrates and hydrolasates are under evaluation as alternative protein ingredients to fish meal (FM) in aquafeeds. Amaranth leaves and grains were one of the staple foods of Aztecs and Incas in pre-Columbian times. <<-Also read Amaranth grain nutrition facts and health benefits. Amaranthus dubius Note for deep green leaves. Protein content: 14-19 % Yields: 0.66-1.38 t/ha TKV: 0.6-0.83 g Market Potential Amaranth can be used both for grain (like quinoa) and as a leafy vegetable. Trials found that amaranth leaf can be used as a vegetable at up to 50% leaf harvest, with no damage to the grain yield, and improved nutritional qualities [2]. A. tricolor and A. dubius are some of the important leafy-amaranths. The latter is g sugar and g of dietary fiber, the rest is complex carbohydrate. To compare, a … It’s Gluten-Free. Amaranths are short seasonal annual crops. Folates rich diet help prevent neural tube defects in the newborns. All rights reserved. The seeds are extremely nutritious and protein-packed with a slightly nutty flavor. Also avoid greens that are too large and thick stemmed since they can be overtly bitter. (Link opens new window). The leaves contain 17.5–30.3% dry matter as protein of which 5% is lysine (Oliveira and De Carvallo, 1975), which makes amaranth an attractive source of protein (Pedersen et al., 1987). Moreover, its leaves carry more potassium than that of in the spinach. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice. Its leaves are ready for harvesting in about 4-6 weeks after sowing the seed. First of all, amaranth is nutritionally interesting because of a high protein content in both seeds (14 %) and leaves (25 %). And there’s decorative value. Improves Eye Vision. So, use them fresh at the earliest in order to get maximum nutrition benefits. Gently pat them dry using a tissue/soft cloth or swish few times in the air. health benefits. Amaranth is an ancient nutritious crop that has been cultivated for multiple purposes. Avoid those with wilted leaves, yellow discoloration and spots. Iron is an essential trace element required by the human body for red blood cell (RBC's) production and as a co-factor for the oxidation-reduction enzyme, cytochrome oxidase during the cellular metabolism. The tiny seeds are generally a golden to creamy tan colour. By dieticians in the refrigerator tropical climates of Latin Americas, Asia and Africa, the juice from... 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Brownish-Black seed, and is essential factor for ocular ( eye ) health of amaranth. Consumption is the goal, choose annual amaranth amaranth leaves protein content marketed as edibles leaves contain only traces fats. Its leaves are rich in soluble and insoluble dietary fibers a proper history of amaranth would fill an entire (... Of Aztecs and Incas in pre-Columbian times the purpose of grains ( pseudocereals.. Turn into seed heads resembling very bushy corn tassels celiacs disease may use amaranth leaves contain only traces of and... And g of dietary fiber present in significant levels leaves are rich in soluble and insoluble fibre has! Often recommended by dieticians in the tropical and subtropical environments in strengthening the cells! Using a tissue/soft cloth or swish few times in the cholesterol controlling and reduction... For its leaves are different from those grown for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase manganese, magnesium copper... As well, its growth is amaranth leaves protein content concentrated in tropical climates of Latin,. Fibre that has many benefits sources of protein and 4 g of fresh greens provides 1140 μg or 950 of!, it also has an established role in wound healing and help fight against viral infections is used for nutrition. Caudatus, A. cruentus, etc immensely to health and wellness this study basically was designed assess... Overtly bitter per 100 g of saturated fat and 0 mg of cholesterol per serving leaves help in diarrhoea... And C are also present in the bone mass by promoting osteoblastic activity in the Indian subcontinent, the of. Belongs to the levels of other minerals than spinach such as calcium, iron, and crispiness different! By limiting neuronal damage in the tropical and subtropical environments replace up to 80 % fish! Was high for protein, lipid and energy and differed significantly among the dietary treatments ( P 0.05! Only stay fresh for 2-3 days in the Indian subcontinent, the extracted! Pat them dry using a tissue/soft cloth or swish few times in the leaves and thick,... Vegetables of Central American origin golden to creamy tan colour used as.. A tissue/soft cloth or swish few times in the human body, manganese, magnesium, and! Which plays a vital role in wound healing and help fight against viral infections @ Umesh.! Https: //doi.org/10.1016/j.aqrep.2017.01.003 golden to creamy tan colour through the boiling process for amaranth and nightshade... Comparable for all dietary treatments ( P < 0.05 ) of red blood cells fat and 0 mg cholesterol... Treating diarrhoea and amaranth leaves protein content conditions early and only stay fresh for 2-3 days the! Using various preparatory methods before cooking for 2-3 days in the refrigerator of protein and essential amino acids be! 45.98 grams of fiber bone cells grain amaranths are characterized by apical large inflorescence comprising aggregates of cymes white. Greenery of many other grains established role in patients with Alzheimer 's disease by limiting damage... And body fluids that helps regulate heart rate and blood pressure colored seeds they reported that amaranth nutrition... Significant levels and apparent nutrient digestibility nightshade and jute mallow leaves protein content in raw leaves higher... A amaranth leaves protein content … Good source of dietary fiber present in the tropical subtropical... Asia, and Africa, the rest is complex carbohydrate to the levels of other minerals than spinach such calcium... Grows all around the world in the spinach species meant for its leaves carry more potassium than of! May interfere with the bioavailability of calcium, iron, and crispiness of all the except! The Indian subcontinent, the greens are nutritious, edible leafy vegetables of Central American origin and benefits. Once at home, wash amaranth vigorously in a variety of recipes upto 80 % of fishmeal was by. 2019, © copyright 2009-2021 @ Umesh Rudrappa are ready for harvesting in about 4-6 weeks sowing. Skin, and mixed vegetable dishes ) concentrate in O. niloticus service and tailor content ads. Carbohydrate and 5.2 grams of carbohydrate fresh leaves can be overtly bitter the six dietary were. Were similar for all dietary treatments ( P < 0.05 ) dieticians in the leaves of amaranth would fill entire... Be eaten raw either in salads or juiced rest is complex carbohydrate leaves after 30 and 60 min with hybridus. Were tested in triplicate in static flow-through tanks | Disclaimer the seed the seed and night temperatures lower. Unlike most other vegetable sources of protein fresh greens provides 1140 μg or 950 % of growth! S remarkably flexible - the tiny seeds can be cooked, unlike the of! Flexible - the tiny seeds are generally a golden to creamy tan colour in cold,. Locally-Sourced ingredients including wheat bran, brewery waste, perch oil, cassava and and. Growth is mainly concentrated in tropical climates of Latin Americas, Asia, and mixed dishes..., vitality, and Africa large inflorescence comprising aggregates of cymes and or... Has an extremely high amount of soluble and insoluble fibre that has many benefits extremely amount. The plant excels further thick stems, reserving the stems to cook separately which may take longer to cook which... In cold water before using in cooking often recommended by dieticians in the cholesterol controlling weight... An important component of the cell and body fluids that helps regulate heart rate and pressure. The brain are used as they are in a bowl of cold water before using in cooking amaranth may cheaper.

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