Simple things you can do to create good habitat for otters Leave the root plates of fallen trees – otters will use cavities behind these to rest Retain mature riverside trees with good root plates to help prevent river bank erosion, maintain shade and create refuges for fish, and to provide natural holt sites. Background and purpose of document . An adult sea otter’s coat can have more than 800 million hairs. Mortality on roads, entanglement in illegally set crayfish traps and fyke nets, and habitat degradation continue to have a negative impact on otter … ��޲^ kU�+�:���.�ͱ����Q��.����J��0l���o`�Q�}p��H>+�+����3~��Gk\+�z\W��amڔ�������3���� P��b(߯�j��Тw{�ጿBo�k�2�Ea}B&��f�����P�'�����#}�tz$̤�7��? <> Otters do not have a fixed breeding season, but most births occur in winter or spring. © Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Monkstone House, City Road, Peterborough, PE1 1JYTel: 01733 562626 Fax: 01733 555948. Otters are a semi-aquatic mammal and a member of the Mustelid family (the same family as badgers and weasels.) The Eurasian otter's diet mainly consists of fish. Volunteers can help monitor otter populations for wildlife charities. endobj Hairy-nosed otter, Lutra sumatrana. Otters are not considered a marine mammal, because they cannot survive without access to fresh water, but they often use coastal habitats, as well as lakes, swamps, rivers and streams. Otters are now very common along the coast of Norway and in Northern Britain, especially Shetland where 12% of the UK breeding population exist. Their favourite habitats include wetlands, rivers and coastlines. They do live in large family groups. Eurasian otters are indigenous to the UK and can be found in either fresh or salt water, although it’s usually known as the river otter for the obvious reason. Where Can You Find Otters in the UK? Deze soort heeft het grootste verspreidingsgebied van de otters en komt voor in een groot gedeelte van Europa en Azië De wetenschappelijke naam van de soort werd als Mustela lutra in 1758 gepubliceerd door Carl Linnaeus. Historically it is a very important site for otters and has been an important source of breeding, Dornoch Firth and Morrich More consists of an estuarine system with extensive areas of bordering natural habitat including sand dune, woodland and small lochans. Habitat. Volunteers can help monitor otter populations for wildlife charities. Surveys have indicated that the, The River Derwent and Bassenthwaite Lake represent good quality, The River Eden provides an example of lowland, This large river system contains extensive water and riparian habitat suitable for, The Wye holds the densest and most well-established, This island contains numerous freshwater lochs and lochans at a range of altitudes from near sea level to over 400 m, a wide range of small rivers and streams, and an extensive area of coastline. Habitat of the Sea Otter. Shropshire Wildlife Trust's Otter Project uses camera traps to search for otters on the River Severn, and the Canal & River Trust is seeking volunteers to help survey otters on the waterways of Birmingham. While the SAC series makes a contribution to securing favourable conservation status for this Annex II species, wider countryside measures, in particular Biodiversity Action Plan implementation, additionally contribute to conservation of this species in the UK. The sites selected also cover the ecologically variable conditions in which the species is found across its range. River otters (genus Lutra) inhabit all types of inland waterways, as well as estuaries and marine coves. Guidance for compliance with the Habitats Regulations. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> The Lower Otter Restoration Project will create 55 hectares of mudflats and other habitats. The otter is still scarce over much of England, where the highest concentrations are in the south-west. It is much easier to list the habitats that river otters don’t live in than to list the areas they do. Though most live in freshwater rivers, lakes, and wetlands, the sea otter and the smaller marine otter are found in the Pacific Ocean. Most live on shorelines of freshwater rivers and lakes, but a few hunt along seaside coasts. Eurasian otters will generally live anywhere that has a source of unpolluted fresh water with a sufficient food supply. NWT manages five reserves along Druridge Bay: Cresswell Shore and Cresswell Pond, Druridge Pools, East Chevington and Hauxley. Sometimes they hold hands so they don’t drift away from each other. The Habitat Range. Rehabilitated otters (eg after injury) are occasionally but infrequently released (only 4-5 per year). It hasn't been plain sailing for otters in the UK in the last few decades. The otter is one of Britain's largest carnivores and a male otter may weigh over 15kg although females are somewhat lighter. You need to hike if you wish to get a glimpse of these shy creatures. Otters can see as well under water as they can above it, allowing them to hunt for fish. Otters are aquatic (water-based) relatives of badgers and weasels. They leave the protection of their mothers at 10 – 12 months and can breed at 2 years old. They are important sites for birds and other wildlife. Most sea otters remain in habitats with rocky substrate, as their prey tend to be more plentiful in these areas. But it survived in Scotland’s cleanest bodies of water in the north and west. Otters are adorable creatures that live both on land and in the water. Today, the species is flourishing across Scotland, and recovering well across the UK as waterways are cleaned up. These short-limbed mammals can be found in France, Greece, Spain, Turkey and Scandinavia. Populations suffered catastrophic declines in the 1950s and 1960s, a trend that was also seen across continental Europe. The otter is listed under Annex II of the Habitats Directive and therefore EU member states are required to designate Special Areas of Conservation to protect important populations of this species. There are 13 extant species of otter around the world, one of which is native to the UK. Manage your land to create a ‘mosaic’ of interconnected habitats and farmland There are also a number of smaller, higher altitude lochans within the site and numerous small streams which hold salmonid fish. Those living on the coast are susceptible to oil spills. According to the IUCN Red List, the overall estimate of the population in the United Kingdom was around 10,395 individuals in 2004. qxpLz0��nr�%SI�. Tees Valley Wildlife Trust. Otters have recovered in many areas but are still struggling to return to Sussex. Their diet in the wild is crustaceans, mollusks, and small fish. The otter Lutra lutra is a semi-aquatic mammal, which occurs in a wide range of ecological conditions, including inland freshwater and coastal areas (particularly in Scotland). Sea otters are social animals, usually found in groups, called rafts. At present, the majority of the otter population in Great Britain occurs in Scotland, with a significant proportion of this number being found in the north and west of the country. Behaviour. They also have five toes – a distinctive sign that it’s an otter print. Otters are usually found no more than a few hundred meters from water. It’s important to know your target species’ habitat, behaviour and feeding patterns before setting out. Shropshire Wildlife Trust's Otter Project uses camera traps to search for otters on the River Severn, and the Canal & River Trust is seeking volunteers to help survey otters on the waterways of Birmingham. GUIDANCE . In southern Chile the marine otter is found almost exclusively along exposed rocky seashores; farther north it may inhabit estuaries and fresh water. Excellent and lithe swimmers, the young are in the water by 10 weeks of age. With the widest distribution of the otter subfamily, the common otter stretches from western Europe to central Asia. Most species are entirely dependent on aquatic habitats for food. The aquatic habitat of otters is very vulnerable in the face of change. https://www.gov.uk/guidance/otters-protection-surveys-and-licences The Habitats Directive1 aims to conserve various species of plant and animal which are rare across Europe, and it requires Member States … The SAC series reflects the present discontinuous distribution of otters Lutra lutra in the UK. There is only one native species of otter in the UK - the Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra).The Eurasian otter is found in many countries across the world, from Ireland to Asia. But it survived in Scotland’s cleanest bodies of water in the north and west. Otters came close to extinction in the UK and much of Europe. Contact Paul Wilkinson at enquiries.westmidlands@canalrivertrust.org.uk. ik �F2 |*�ƃ�`,��@摖'�_�.�"I �6����#�2I� }J9&߾!����L'�?²Hb@O�Q�U�Fa���y/D�e���Z���b�������[h��yݬ��'����� ��-����߄ Y%��+��z�b^����~�j�h� ����\�ݺX ��t؟�w%�\���Z�����d�_��g�+�bY������i����������ҫ� �� Thankfully, following the ban of these chemicals in the early 1990s, water quality increased and the slow-road to recovery began. Registered in England and Wales. Over most of continental western Europe the species is scarce to extinct, but reintroduction or restocking projects are in progress in several countries. Twenty-five years ago, The English otter population was on the brink of extinction after half a century of agricultural chemicals leaching into the rivers and polluting the food chain. These extensive marshes together with their lochs, small lochans and ditches provide ideal feeding, resting and shelter areas for, Inverpolly contains extensive areas of large lochs and small lochans together with numerous small river and burn systems as well as an extent of coastline. Currently it has a rather discontinuous distribution with strong populations in Greece, Spain, Portugal and much of eastern Europe. 1 The ‘Habitats Regulations’ refers to . Their preferred habitat is located on the banks of rivers bordered by forests, with thick vegetation or stone walls. Two species are marine; the others live mostly in fresh water. Habitat: Otters are voracious fish eaters, with fish making up over 80% of their diet, so they have evolved to live in a variety of habitats where fish are plentiful. Eurasian otters feed mainly on fish. Habitat. Incidental mortality - mainly in the form of road deaths and drowning in eel traps. <>>> Many sea otters live near rocky sea bottoms and shorelines, where marine communities are extremely diverse. They even love to live in swamp and marsh areas. Otters prefer to live in bodies of water that are close to land offering them wetlands or the woods close by. disturbed a site, the higher the possibility that otters may use otherwise sub-optimal sites for resting. These sites are protected under the Conservation of Habitats and Species … The sea otters usually live near the shore waters of the North Pacific, from Japan, north to the coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula, then from Alaska down along the Pacific coast of North America to Baja, California. There is evidence that in certain parts of the UK the otter is extending its range and may be increasing locally. Otters are now very common along the coast of Norway and in Northern Britain, especially Shetland where 12% of the UK breeding population exist. Habitat. 2: Prioritise species safety. Otters occupy large home ranges – up to 40km along a river for a male otter but less than half that for a female. Otters have returned to every county in England in a turnaround of their fortunes which once saw them on the brink of extinction. As well as a known high density of otters, sites selected have good quality habitat features necessary for feeding and breeding. Otter, any of 13–14 species of semiaquatic mammals that belong to the weasel family and are noted for their playfulness. %PDF-1.5 They are expert swimmers and spend much of their time hunting for prey in water, where they catch mainly fish and invertebrates. You can commonly find them living in beaver dams. Shop Lights & Accessories. It’s important to know your target species’ habitat, behaviour and feeding patterns before setting out. Guidance on managing woodlands with otter in England . Druridge Bay - The Pools along Druridge Bay are the best places to spot otters. Hunting and trapping of mink - may inadvertently kill otters instead. 3. Otter habitat is not exclusive to dens, and it is also known in quiet undisturbed areas, for them to sleep above ground in what are known as couches, made from reeds or grass. Housing for an Asian small-clawed otter is not for everyone. The otter is lithe and slender with short legs, a strong neck, and a long flat tail that helps propel it gracefully through water. Otters have their cubs in underground burrows, known as a ‘holt’. This otter is found in coastal areas and on larger inland rivers … The otter Lutra lutra was once widespread in Europe, but populations declined sharply during the 1960s and 1970s due to pollution, exacerbated by hunting and habitat loss. 2: Prioritise species safety. The Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010 Purpose of document To provide advice for woodland managers and operators on a) how to establish presence of otter (Lutra lutra)particularly their breeding sites or resting places, Tracks/footprints: Otter prints can be found at the edge of river banks, in gravel, sand, and mud, and on tarmac if they have just left the river. 3 0 obj Because otters eat mainly fish, you’ll generally find them in areas where there are plenty of this food source. Sites that are known to support high densities have been selected to represent the current strongholds of the population. endobj 3. Brighton Store Now Open. The species was driven to near extinction in some areas between the 1950s and 1970s, but thanks to improvements in water quality and greater protection it can once again be found across Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales and – as of 2011 – every county in England. The River Derwent and Bassenthwaite Lake represent good quality otter Lutra lutra habitat in north-west England. Otters are present on waterways throughout the UK and Ireland and so any development that affects a watercourse or is alongside a water course could affect them. The sea otter, however, rarely comes ashore, according to the San Diego Zoo. Registered office as above, The Afon Tywi is one of the best rivers in Wales for, The Eastern and Western Cleddau Rivers flow through a largely lowland landscape, eventually joining and flowing into Milford Haven, which is part of the Pembrokeshire Marine cSAC. Otters in the UK and Sussex The European otter (Lutra lutra) is a protected species in the UK following a dramatic crash in their numbers in the 1960s. Recent research has demonstrated that this approach has also ensured good coverage of the main lines of genetic variation in British otters. The return of otters to the UK. Otters are carnivorous mustelids in the Lutrinae subfamily. ����$k!�t�Zs���w,��v��߱����jb��*'f�c �"��n�λG�=:�����gkǍvL�C�s�G?O}�M��3���:t�)�D����3�+��SE&��n��� ��i�q��Ħ�J3�l��N=g'�ޝ�g�m׬٪#�co�Z5Y2�p~ }�߽r�_?��w������ �#Z�Ǥ=l������. 17. The giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis) inhabits South America, especially the Amazon river basin, but is becoming increasingly rare due to poaching, habitat loss, and the use of mercury and other toxins in illegal alluvial gold mining. The site contains all the necessary requirements for, This large, sheltered maritime area is bordered by an extensive area of shoreline and contains numerous small islets and islands. The selected sites include some very extensive areas (totalling over 175,000 ha). However, recent surveys suggest that the otter population is recovering well and recolonising parts of its former range. Some of them are listed below: Aughton Woods. They are well adapted to their riverine habitats, with webbed feet to help them swim and the ability to close their eyes and ears underwater. 2 0 obj Never put a photograph, film clip, or personal experience before the welfare of the otter. Otters are found almost all over the world and in many wet habitats, such freshwater rivers, lakes, oceans, coastlines and marshes. Where do otters live? They also inhabit the northern most part of Africa. Conserving Natura 2000 Rivers This account of the ecological requirements of the European otter (Lutra lutra) has been produced aspart of Life in UK Rivers– a project to develop methods for conserving the wildlife and habitats of rivers within the Natura 2000 network of protected European sites.The project’s focus has been the 3: Know your companions. Mating occurs at any time of the year and females give birth to 2 – 3 cubs, usually between May and August. This guidance is provided for ecologists and developers considering applying for a mitigation licence for otters where disturbance or harm to otters and their habitat is likely to happen. They are frequently found in protected harbors, barrier reefs, and kelp forests that offer shelter from wind and waves. Never put a photograph, film clip, or personal experience before the welfare of the otter. Introduction to Otters. 1 0 obj Contact Paul Wilkinson at enquiries.westmidlands@canalrivertrust.org.uk. From a distance, they can be confused with mink, particularly as they are found in similar habitats, but otters are much larger and when they swim, they do so with just their head showing above the water, while mink swim with their heads and backs exposed. Oftentimes, they are found by the River Lune. These slow-flowing rivers have a diversity of bank-side habitats, and good water quality ensures good stocks of, This extensive site contains numerous lochs, lochans and extensive areas of headwaters of burns and rivers. According to the scientific resources, the total population size of European otters in Belarus is around 12, 000 individuals and in Sweden - 500-1000 individuals. Newborns are only about 12cm long but grow quickly and can swim at three months. An otters diet mainly consists of fish, however, it can also include birds, insects, frogs, crustaceans and small mammals. Th… Because otters eat mainly fish, you’ll generally find them in areas where there are plenty of this food source. 3, 18 A eutrophic river, with a high carrying capacity and plentiful food and habitat cover, could support a higher Otter density. The sinuous otter is an excellent swimmer and can be seen hunting in wetlands, rivers and along the coast - try the west coast of Scotland, West Wales, … The otter (Lutra lutra) was lost from most of England and Wales between the 1950s and the 1970s because of pesticide pollution of waterways. Otters are carnivorous mammals in the subfamily Lutrinae.The 13 extant otter species are all semiaquatic, aquatic or marine, with diets based on fish and invertebrates.Lutrinae is a branch of the Mustelidae family, which also includes weasels, badgers, mink, and wolverines, among other animals. Do your homework to ensure that you’re fully educated before venturing out to otter spot. The only types of ecosystems in which otters cannot be found are deserts, mountains, and polar regions. Otter habitat is not exclusive to dens, and it is also known in quiet undisturbed areas, for them to sleep above ground in what are known as couches, made from reeds or grass. Prior to the 1950s, otters were common throughout Sussex on all river catchments. River otter dens are along the water in abandoned burrows or empty hollows. x��0 v*u�,%��狭+?X� �В�.��u�_�5_ ��{V���==�3�=L���������K�?�1����I�V���u��߲IN�/_di�U:/��.��oٔi^'0,���Կ|���/_�����ɧ�}����48�Q2�~�"Q�_�g���勿��7߿N�`9�-'�+��u�+5YNU�T;�Jei�Ws5���P΀D��'�2�R �I�:�_����c{ߗ�wC2�cq�������*h�jҢ���*Qe��Ъ��S�M�ap]��N��/��0J�/���u�T�NM�y�Ҧ�S@�� 4r�>�-@�*�:�C�s�����P&5@�J�i�[p��)��(�X=���i`C��n�*������u����T� Diet. As otters are a European protected species, it will also be necessary to demonstrate that the tests in the Habitats Regulations can be met at the planning application stage. Company no. The dens have entrances underwater so they can be easily accessed from the water. There is extensive habitat suitable for, Cors Caron is one of the largest wetland areas in Wales and feeds into the River Teifi. 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