[135] They also responded to fires, serious structural damage reports, and landslides working with structural engineers, seismologists and geologists, as well as construction workers, crane and digger operators and demolition experts. Sydenham Heritage Church and the Beckenham Baptist Church were heavily damaged, and then demolished days after the earthquake. Significant liquefaction affected the eastern suburbs, producing around 400,000 tonnes of silt. [46] Soil liquefaction and surface flooding also occurred. These areas were placed into a residential red zone. The February earthquake occurred during lunchtime on a weekday when the CBD was busy, and many buildings were already weakened from the previous quakes. It was deemed unstable and demolished in April 2011. not including outlying urban areas from other districts, Christchurch continues to have a significantly larger population over Wellington.[239][240]. ", Radio New Zealand, monitored 8:55 pm EST, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, Television interview with Minister Brownlee on NZ TV One, 24 February 2011 at 19:30 NZT. [138][139] [172], Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard on the earthquake. The earthquake was felt as far south as Invercargill and as far north as Wellington. [121] A full response management structure was put in place within minutes of the quake, with the Christchurch City Council's alternate Emergency Operations Centre re-established in the City Art Gallery and the regional Canterbury CDEM Group Emergency Coordination Centre (ECC) activated in its post-earthquake operational facility adjacent to the Canterbury Regional Council offices. Unlimited Paenga Tawhiti could not return to its central city buildings due to demolitions and it has no long term site. [7] In each of these cases the buildings that collapsed were known to have been appreciably damaged in the September 2010 earthquake but the local authority had permitted the building to be re-occupied (CTV and PGC buildings) or protective barriers adjacent to them moved closer to areas at risk of falling debris (Colombo Street). [24], The upwards (positive acceleration) was greater than the downwards, which had a maximum recording of 0.9g; the maximum recorded horizontal acceleration was 1.7g[26] The force of the earthquake was "statistically unlikely" to occur more than once in 1000 years, according to one seismic engineer, with a PGA greater than many modern buildings were designed to withstand. Over the course of a week, LandSAR teams visited 67,000 premises. The crew of the Navy ship Canterbury, in Lyttelton harbour at the time of the earthquake, provided meals for 1,000 people left homeless in that town,[151] and accommodation for a small number of locals. [101], Twelve streets in Redcliffs were evacuated on the night of 24 February 2015 after some cliffs and hills surrounding Redcliffs were deemed unstable. [47] Road surfaces were forced up by liquefaction, and water and sand were spewing out of cracks. Christchurch Quake Map. [59] A government report later found that the building's construction was faulty and should not have been approved. [169] Community laundries were set up in affected suburbs. Prospective predictors of short-term adjustment after the Canterbury earthquakes: Personality and depression. A tremor of 5.7 on the Richter scale was felt at 1 pm, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 08:05. [224][225] The Super Rugby Round 2 match between the Crusaders and Hurricanes scheduled for 26 February 2011 at Westpac Stadium in Wellington was abandoned. It is the third time the census has been cancelled in New Zealand; the other occasions occurred in 1931, due to the Great Depression, and in 1941 due to World War II. [125], Gerry Brownlee, a Cabinet Minister, had his regular portfolios distributed amongst other cabinet ministers so that he could focus solely on earthquake recovery.[126]. June 13, 2011 08:51 BST Two powerful aftershocks have hit the New Zealand city of Christchurch, less than four months after an earthquake that killed 181 people. 2011. PO Box 76070 [30], The earthquake was a "strike-slip event with oblique motion" which caused mostly horizontal movement with some vertical movement,[16] with reverse thrust causing upwards vertical movement. The 6.3-magnitude earthquake may have been an aftershock of the 7.1-magnitude 4 September 2010 Canterbury earthquake. [93][94], Landslides occurred in Sumner, crushing buildings. [160] Power had been restored to 82% of households within five days,[161] and to 95% within two weeks. [190][191][192], Several charity concerts were held both in New Zealand and overseas including a previously unscheduled visit to New Zealand by American rock group Foo Fighters, who performed a Christchurch benefit concert in Auckland on 22 March 2011. [256][257] This information is important to consider when reacting to future earthquakes and other natural disasters. The department responded to the situation by activating their crisis plan, forming 20 trauma teams. [16], The current New Zealand building code requires a building with a 50-year design life to withstand predicted loads of a 500-year event. [219] The plans were confirmed in February 2013, with seven schools closing, 10 schools merging into five (not including the overturned Phillipstown-Woolston merger), and three high schools taking on additional year levels. The quarter final matches were moved to Auckland. Below is a list of all aftershocks of Richter, moment, and body-wave magnitudes 5.0 and above that occurred in the region between 22 February 2011 and 15 January 2012. [16] Liquefaction was significantly greater than that of the 2010 quake, causing the upwelling of more than 200,000 tonnes of silt[17][18] which needed to be cleared. The station collapsed on 13 June 2011 after a magnitude 6.0 aftershock. The primarily wilderness all-volunteer search and rescue organisation, LandSAR, deployed 530 people to the city to perform welfare checks. Finance Minister Bill English advised that the effects of the 2011 quake were likely to be more costly than the September 2010 quake. [12][21], The peak ground acceleration (PGA) in central Christchurch exceeded 1.8g (i.e. [51], Damage occurred to many older buildings, particularly those with unreinforced masonry and those built before stringent earthquakes codes were introduced. Thousands of portaloos and chemical toilets from throughout New Zealand and overseas were brought into the city. With limited water supplies for firefighting, a total fire ban was introduced, and the fire service brought in water tankers from other centres. EQC chief executive Ian Simpson said that the $4 billion cap for each earthquake is unlikely to be exceeded by the costs of residential building and land repairs, so $3 billion would be left in the EQC's Natural Disaster Fund after payouts. It is going to take many years and lots of hard work to restore our beautiful city, but together we can do it! [7] Due to the injuries sustained some bodies remained unidentified. [137] The United States sent Urban Search and Rescue California Task Force 2, a 74-member heavy rescue team consisting of firefighters and paramedics from the Los Angeles County Fire Department, doctors, engineers and 26 tons of pre-packaged rescue equipment. [7] Fire-fighting and recovery operations resumed that night,[58] later joined by a Japanese search and rescue squad. Christchurch, the country’s second largest city, suffered widespread damage, particularly in the central city and eastern suburbs. We will be working alongside them to give as much relief and assistance to New Zealand as we possibly can. Christchurch Police were supplemented by staff and resources from around the country, along with a 323-strong contingent of Australian Police, who were sworn in as New Zealand Police on their arrival, bringing the total number of officers in the city to 1200. Each individual can react differently to traumatic events, and more research needs to be done to learn how to predict vulnerability and access the effects to find solutions that work best. [209], 163 primary and secondary schools were affected by the earthquake, most of which were closed for three weeks; 90 had full structural clearance and were able to reopen, 24 had reports indicating further assessment and 11 were seriously damaged. [103], The quake was felt as far north as Tauranga[104] and as far south as Invercargill, where the 111 emergency network was rendered out of service. [162], Thousands of people helped with the clean-up efforts—involving the removal of over 200,000 tonnes of liquefaction silt—including Canterbury University's Student Volunteer Army which was created in response to the earthquake that September and the Federated Farmers' "Farmy Army". The 21-storey PricewaterhouseCoopers building, the city's tallest office tower, was among the office buildings to be later demolished. They started work immediately in a multi-agency response to the collapse of the CTV Building on Madras Street. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015 2011. [230] AMI Stadium was going to host the rugby league ANZAC Test, however, on 4 March it was announced the match would be moved to Skilled Park on the Gold Coast. Wikipedia. [256][257][258][259][260][261] Research following the Christchurch earthquakes has shown that increasing exposure to the damage and trauma of a natural disaster is correlated with an increase in depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). [102], Redcliffs Primary School, then located at 140 Main Road, right under the cliffs, was moved to Van Asch Deaf Education Centre, 4.5 km from the main site soon afterwards. Marshall, E.M., Frazier, P., Frankfurt, S., & Kuijer, R.G. [255], The Christchurch earthquake of 2011 had widespread mental health effects on the population. (This is 23:51 21 February UTC). Buildings have collapsed around Cathedral Square in downtown Christchurch. [28] Although the rupture was subsurface, satellite images indicated that the net displacement of the land south of the fault was 50 cm westwards and upwards; the land movement would have been greater during the earthquake. [204] While emergency repairs were performed on damaged houses by Fletcher Construction, rebuilding would be delayed by the need for full land assessments, with the possibility that some of the worst-affected areas in the eastern suburbs might need to be abandoned due to land depression and severe liquefaction, with the residents offered relocation to new subdivisions under their EQC insurance policies. [88], On 7 March, Prime Minister John Key said that around 10,000 houses would need to be demolished, and liquefaction damage meant that some parts of Christchurch could not be rebuilt on. Christchurch Hospital was evacuated due to damage in some areas, but soon reopened to treat the injured. The surrounding districts, Selwyn and Waimakariri, have two of the three highest growth rates in New Zealand, at 2.2% and 1.6%, respectively. The earthquake was felt across the South Island and parts of the lower and central North Island. It also covers land damage within 8 metres of a home; this coverage is uncapped. [23] This is the highest PGA ever recorded in New Zealand; the highest reading during the September 2010 event was 1.26g, recorded near Darfield. A decision was made to remove the dome because the supporting structure was weakened. [75] Demolition was completed in May 2012. Twelve Japanese students from the Toyama College of Foreign Languages died in the building collapse. Christchurch Earthquake 13 June 2011 Liquefaction RAW footage 4 - Duration: 0:42. nzchris7 33,665 views 0:42 Japan Earthquake 2011 Liquefaction Damage - … [56], The six-storey Canterbury Television (CTV) building collapsed in the earthquake, leaving only its lift shaft standing, which caught fire. [60], The four-storey Pyne Gould Guinness (PGC) House[61] on Cambridge Terrace, headquarters of Pyne Gould Corporation, collapsed, with 18 casualties. [253], A KPMG survey in March 2013 suggested as much as $1.5 billion could be sucked from the rebuild in fraud. [183] Twenty Chinese students were reported missing following the quake. quake hit like a 'bomb', Canadians say; Harper offers Canada's help", "Christchurch earthquake: David Cameron texts New Zealand counterpart", Chinese, Japanese and Filipino students feared dead in Christchurch rubble, "Obama sends U.S. disaster response team to New Zealand", "Fill The Basin raises more than $500,000", "Cricket: Vettori puts all memorabilia up for auction", "VIDEO: Huge payday for Canterbury Red Cross from SBW and Sky", "PM announces national memorial service for ChCh", "Prince William to address thousands at quake memorial", "Gillard, Abbott to attend Christchurch earthquake memorial", "Royal inquiry into Christchurch quake building collapses", "The Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission", "CTV royal commission finds deficiencies", "Christchurch will be 'world's most quake-safe city, "Commission dollars drained by Christchurch earthquakes", "Christchurch campervan village to house hundred", "Christchurch earthquake: Entire streets may be abandoned", "Mark Wilson (Principal of Cashmere High School) – Canterbury Earthquake – Checkpoint", "Seat of learning shifts to marquees and portacoms", "Tent-town campus planned for Canterbury University", "Pupils to return to shared sites in earthquake-stricken Christchurch", "1010 refugee pupils swell schools' rolls", "Repaired Linwood College ready for classes", "Seven Chch schools to close, 12 to merge", "New Zealand Cricket Offices Hit By Earthquake", "Plunket Shield rejigged in wake of earthquake", "Schedule shift saves team from Christchurch quake", "Crusaders withdraw from Hurricanes match – draw declared", "Trafalgar Park to be Crusaders' temporary home", "Canterbury Tactix need match, training venues", "Canterbury Tactix game moved to Rotorua", "NZRL consider Anzac test venue in wake of quake", "League: Anzac test shifted from Christchurch", "Christchurch earthquake: Law change needed to cancel census", "2013 Census announcement  – Media Release", "Quake barely touches likely 2031 head tally", "Before the 2011/12 earthquakes, Christchurch had overtaken Wellington to become New Zealand's second largest city", "Christchurch no longer second biggest city", "Investing in Christchurch 'doesn't stack up, "Brian Gaynor: Quake wake up call for disaster insurer", "Christchurch quake: EQC has enough money and 'reinsurance' to cover cost – English", "New Zealand's Earthquake May Become Costliest Insured Disaster Since 2008", "Disaster could cost insurance sector $12bn", "Quake injuries payout likely to be ACC's biggest ever", "Key Expects New Zealand Central Bank to Lower Rates, Sends Kiwi Tumbling", "The Canterbury Earthquakes: Scientific answers to critical questions", Christchurch earthquake official statements, Satellite radar images of earth deformation, "Preliminary Report from the Christchurch 22 Feb 2011 6.3mw Earthquake: Pre-1970s RC(reinforced concrete) and RCM(reinforced concrete blocks masonry) Buildings, and Precast Staircase Damage", Visual representation of Christchurch earthquakes since 4 September 2010, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2011_Christchurch_earthquake&oldid=990923688, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [246], EQC cover for domestic premises entitles the holder to up to NZ$100,000 plus tax (GST) for each dwelling, with any further amount above that being paid by the policyholder's insurance company. Evidence from research on the Christchurch earthquakes reveals that increased trauma exposure is not exclusively correlated with negative outcomes. June 2011 Christchurch earthquake 2016 Christchurch earthquake Further reading "The Canterbury Earthquakes: Scientific answers to critical questions" (PDF). Subsequent population loss saw the Christchurch main urban area fall behind the Wellington equivalent to decrease from second to third most populous area in New Zealand. Rhodes, B., & Becker, L. (2013). This included Shirley Boys' High School sharing with Papanui High School,[213] Linwood College sharing with Cashmere High School[214] and Avonside Girls High School sharing with Burnside High School[215] and Marian College sharing with St Bedes College and Unlimited Paenga Tawhiti sharing with Halswell Residential College. [153], The army also operated desalination plants to provide water to the eastern suburbs. [20], GNS Science stated that the earthquake arose from the rupture of an 8 km x 8 km fault running east-northeast at a depth of 1–2 km beneath the southern edge of the Avon-Heathcote Estuary and dipping southwards at an angle of about 65 degrees from the horizontal beneath the Port Hills. More than 361 aftershocks occurred in the first week following the 6.3-magnitude earthquake. Perceptions of distress and positive consequences following exposure to a major disaster amongst a well-studied cohort. New Zealand's GNS Science has stated that the earthquake was part of the aftershock sequence that has been occurring since the September magnitude-7.1 quake, however a seismologist from Geoscience Australia considers it a separate event given its location on a separate fault system. [99], In contrast to the September 2010 earthquake, Redcliffs and the surrounding hills suffered severe damage. [152] The Royal Australian Air Force also assisted with air lifts. [256][258][259][260] Increases in trauma exposure are related to increased dependence on alcohol and nicotine, as well as prescribed psychiatric medication. The cost of the rebuild is set to be $16 million. 2011 Christchurch earthquake-Wikipedia Another aftershock struck in June causing liquefaction and flooding along with damaging houses and the infrastructure of the suburb even more. My apartment is 6 floors up. [173], Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard offered Australia's assistance. [256] Because large number of citizens are being displaced, it is difficult to find a representative sample population. [136] It was equipped to provide triage, emergency care, maternity, dental care, isolation tents for gastroenteritis, and to provide primary care since most general practices in the area were unable to open. [196] New Zealand's governor-general, Sir Anand Satyanand, attended, along with John Key, Bob Parker, and a number of local and international dignitaries. [262] Depressive symptoms before a disaster can predict higher chances of developing PTSD following a trauma. The court subsequently ruled in favour of Phillipstown and overturned the merger. On 23 February, Hotel Grand Chancellor, Christchurch's tallest hotel, was reported to be on the verge of collapse. [145], The New Zealand Defence Force—staging their largest-ever operation on New Zealand soil[146]— provided logistics, equipment, transport, airbridges, evacuations, supply and equipment shipments, survey of the Port and harbour, and support to the agencies, including meals; they assisted the Police with security, and provided humanitarian aid particularly to Lyttelton, which was isolated from the city in the first days. Christchurch's central city and eastern suburbs were badly affected, with damage to buildings and infrastructure already weakened by the magnitude 7.1 Canterbury earthquake of 4 September 2010 and its aftershocks. On 22 February 2011, a 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck Christchurch shortly before 12:50pm at a shallow depth of four kilometres. [177] Kamalesh Sharma, Commonwealth Secretary-General, sent a message of support to the Prime Minister and stated "our heart and condolences go immediately to the bereaved." [227] The Crusaders played their entire home schedule away from Christchurch,. Looking at territorial areas only, i.e. [176], The UN and the European Union offered assistance. They took into account a technical investigation undertaken by the Department of Building and Housing. An additional 28 people were killed in various places across the city centre, and twelve were killed in suburban Christchurch. [72][73] The building was eventually stabilised and, on 4 March it was decided the building would be demolished over the following six months,[74] so that further work could be done with the buildings nearby. [155], A field hospital providing 75 beds was set up in the badly affected eastern suburbs on 24 February. The scale of the destruction all but defies belief when we can appreciate only too well how difficult it must have been struggling to come to terms with last year's horror ... Our deepest sympathy and constant thoughts are with you and all New Zealanders. Web. [258][262] It's thought that natural disasters, such as earthquakes, are able to induce these positive effects because they affect an entire community, in comparison to an event that targets only an individual. Researching the mental health effects of earthquakes and other disasters is important so communities can heal properly after experiencing a traumatic event. A second team of 70 from Queensland, Queensland Task Force 1, (including three sniffer dogs),was sent the following day on board a RAAF C-17 . At 12.51 p.m. on Tuesday 22 February 2011, a magnitude 6.3 earthquake caused severe damage in Christchurch and Lyttelton, killing 185 people and injuring several thousand. Though the government supplied money for those who were fired, businesses that needed re … [136] A team of 55 Disaster Assistance and Rescue Team members from the Singapore Civil Defence Force were sent. 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